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Detailed Project Description

General Information

ID (CGMA ID):
SY216
Project Name:
Balikh Valley Prehistoric Project
Project Description:
"The present study was designed to shed some light on the nature of prehistoric human occupation in the Balikh valley of northern Syria, and in a more general way on that of Syria and adjacent regions as a whole. The choice of the Balikh area for investigation was arbitrary, as this study was originally started as a sideline of the University of Amsterdam's archaeological project at Tell Hamman et-Turkman on the Balikh." Akkermans 1993 p.2
Project Websites:

Project Sponsors:
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Instituut voor Prae- en Protohistorische Archeolog
Foundation for Anthropology and Prehistory in the
Foundation for Archaeological Research by Netherla
Rijksmuseum van Oudheden
Dates of Operation:
From: 1983     To: 1983
Project Languages:
English
Dutch
Metadata Sources:
Akkermans 1993

Geographical Data

Zone:
Eastern Mediterranean
Country:
Syria
Province:
Location:
Balikh Valley
Ancient Regions:
Cyrrestice
Syria

Principal Investigators

Investigator Name:
Peter M. M. G. Akkermans
Address:
P. O. Box 9515, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
E-mail:
p.m.m.g.akkermans@arch.leidenuniv.nl
Phone / Fax:
phone:( +31 (0) 71 527 2447 )
fax:( +31 071 527 2429 )

Project Map

Elevation Range:
Minimum: 200
Maximum: 400
Project Area:
0 km2
Map Data Source:
Akkermans 1993 p8; Google Earth
Google™ Earth File:
Project Location:
Project Vertices:

Chronological Coverage

Period:
Balikh I/ Pre-Pottery Neolithic
Years:
From: BC 7500     To: BC 6100
Period:
Balikh II/Initial Pottery Neolithic
Years:
From: BC 6100     To: BC 5200
Period:
Balikh III/Pottery Neolithic
Years:
From: BC 5200     To: BC 4500
Period:
Balikh IV/Early Chalcolithic
Years:
From: BC 4500     To: BC 3500
Period:
Balikh V/Late Chalcolithic
Years:
From: BC 3500     To: BC 3000

Methodology

Approach:
Extensive
Intensive
Systematic
Non-Systematic
Site Survey
Siteless Survey
Diachronic
Temporally Bounded
Spatial Sampling (off-site):
Full Coverage
Random Sample
Stratified Random Sample
Deliberate Sample
Fieldwalker Spacing
 (average width = 0  m)
No Regular Fieldwalking
Artifact Collection:
Total
Sample
Diagnostic
Grab
Click
Pick
Counting
Weighing
Collection Unit:
Tract   (0 m x 0 m)
Modern Field
Site
Transect
Structure
Scatter/Artifact
Geolocation:
Basemap more detailed than 1:10K
GPS Uncorrected
Basemap 1:10K to 1:50K
GPS Differentially Corrected
Basemap less detailed than 1:50K
GIS
Other:

Special Studies

Artifacts:
Architecture
Ceramics
Lithics
Coins
Metal
Glass
Terracotta
epigraphy
Iconography
Environment:
Geology
Geomorphology
Soil Studies
Stone/Mineral Resources
Hydrology
Climatology
Paleobotany
Dendrochronology
Faunal Osteology
Agriculture
People:
Ritual Studies
Mortuary Studies
Population Data
Ethnography/Ethnology
Written Resources
Cultural Resource Management
Remote Sensing:
Satellite Imagery
Aerial Photography
Geoprospection
Other:
Primary Questions:
1. When does Halaf appear in this region? Is Halaf a foreign or an indigenous development here? 2. Are there an indications as to the development of a 'local Halaf'? How does Halaf in the Balikh valley relate to Halaf in other regions? 3. Which variables underlie the location and role of settlement? Are there any 'central places', fulfilling some kind of regional service function? 4. Are there any indications of long-term, permanent occupation, or in contrast, of short-term and perhaps seasonal occupation? Are there any clues as to the size of the population per settlement and for the Balikh valley as a whole during Halaf times? 5. Which subsistence economy and subsistence strategies underlie Halaf society ? Which variables of ecological nature underlie the choice of settlement location? Which ecological variables define the socio-economic function of a settlement?
Excavation:
YES

Environmental Parameters

Geology:
 Igneous
 Metamorphic
 Sedimentary
Geology Other:
Topography:
 Alluvial Plain
 Coastal Plain
 Continental Plain
 Delta
 Desert
 Gorge
 Hills
 Island
 Isthmus
 Lakeshore
 Mountains
 Peninsula
 Plateau
 River Valley
 Steppe
 Underwater
 Upland Basin
 Urban
 Wadi/Oued
 Wetlands
Topography Other:
Climate:
 Climatic Altitudes of Mountains
 Dry-summer Mediterranean
 Dry-summer Steppe
 Highly Oceanic
 Humid and warm summer
 Humid Steppe
 Oceanic
 Permanently Humid
 Semi-desert and Desert
 Steppe
 Sub-Oceanic
 Tropical Semi-desert and Desert
Climate Other:

Bibliography

Entry 1:
Akkermans, Peter M. M. G. (1993), Villages in the Steppe: Later Neolithic settlement and subsistence in the Balikh Valley, Northern Syria, Ann Arbor, Michigan




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