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Detailed Project Description

General Information

ID (CGMA ID):
JO382
Project Name:
Gharandal Archaeological Project
Project Description:
The Gharandal Archaeological Project has adopted a comprehensive approach to the investigation of Gharandal by combining survey and excavation with regional, environmental and settlement studies, with the intention to form a "whole view" of socio-economic deelopments in the Gharandal region from Antiquity until the Islamic Middle Ages.
Project Websites:
Project Sponsors:
ARC Australian Research
University of Western Australia
Dates of Operation:
From: 1997     To: 2000
Project Languages:
English
Arabic
Metadata Sources:
project website
Walmsley 1998

Geographical Data

Zone:
Eastern Mediterranean
Country:
Jordan
Province:
At Tafilah
Location:
At Tafilah
Ancient Regions:
Arabia
Nabataea
Palaestina Tertia

Principal Investigators

Investigator Name:
Alan Walmsley
Address:
E-mail:
walmsley@hum.ku.dk
Phone / Fax:
Investigator Name:
David Kennedy
Address:
E-mail:
dkennedy@cyllene.uwa.edu.au
Phone / Fax:
phone:( (+618) 6488 2150 )

Project Map

Elevation Range:
Minimum: 700
Maximum: 1300
Project Area:
Map Data Source:
Google™ Earth File:
Project Location:
None
Project Vertices:

Chronological Coverage

Period:
Early Islamic
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Nabataen-Roman
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Early Bronze
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Byzantine
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Iron Age
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Neolithic
Years:
From:     To:

Methodology

Approach:
Extensive
Intensive
Systematic
Non-Systematic
Site Survey
Siteless Survey
Diachronic
Temporally Bounded
Spatial Sampling (off-site):
Full Coverage
Random Sample
Stratified Random Sample
Deliberate Sample
Fieldwalker Spacing
 (average width = 0  m)
No Regular Fieldwalking
Artifact Collection:
Total
Sample
Diagnostic
Grab
Click
Pick
Counting
Weighing
Collection Unit:
Tract   (0 m x 0 m)
Modern Field
Site
Transect
Structure
Scatter/Artifact
Geolocation:
Basemap more detailed than 1:10K
GPS Uncorrected
Basemap 1:10K to 1:50K
GPS Differentially Corrected
Basemap less detailed than 1:50K
GIS
Other:

Special Studies

Artifacts:
Architecture
Ceramics
Lithics
Coins
Metal
Glass
Terracotta
epigraphy
Iconography
Environment:
Geology
Geomorphology
Soil Studies
Stone/Mineral Resources
Hydrology
Climatology
Paleobotany
Dendrochronology
Faunal Osteology
Agriculture
People:
Ritual Studies
Mortuary Studies
Population Data
Ethnography/Ethnology
Written Resources
Cultural Resource Management
Remote Sensing:
Satellite Imagery
Aerial Photography
Geoprospection
Other:
Primary Questions:
What were the issues of rural-urban interchange in the settlement processes in the south of Jordan between Roman Late Antiquity and the Islamic Middle Ages (ca.6th-15th centuries AD)? What characterized the use of public spae in towns and the role of local Arab elites during the Roman and Byzantine periods? Was there a smooth continuum from one period to the next, or periods of rapid change, growth and decline? Did existing social structures adapt easily to new circumstances or were they overturned by the arrival of new ruling elites and beliefs?
Excavation:
YES

Environmental Parameters

Geology:
 Igneous
 Metamorphic
 Sedimentary
Geology Other:
Topography:
 Alluvial Plain
 Coastal Plain
 Continental Plain
 Delta
 Desert
 Gorge
 Hills
 Island
 Isthmus
 Lakeshore
 Mountains
 Peninsula
 Plateau
 River Valley
 Steppe
 Underwater
 Upland Basin
 Urban
 Wadi/Oued
 Wetlands
Topography Other:
Climate:
 Climatic Altitudes of Mountains
 Dry-summer Mediterranean
 Dry-summer Steppe
 Highly Oceanic
 Humid and warm summer
 Humid Steppe
 Oceanic
 Permanently Humid
 Semi-desert and Desert
 Steppe
 Sub-Oceanic
 Tropical Semi-desert and Desert
Climate Other:

Bibliography

Entry 1:
Walmsley, A.G.; Karsgaard, P.; Grey, A. (1999), "Town and Village: Site Transformations in South Jordan (The Gharandal Archaeological Project, Second Season Report)", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 43, 459-478
Entry 2:
Walsmley, A.G. (1998), "Gharandal in Jibal: First Season Report", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 42, 433-441




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