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Detailed Project Description

General Information

ID (CGMA ID):
JO378
Project Name:
Umm el-Jimal
Project Description:
The purpose of this project is to explore the method of studying air photography for prospection and recording, in order to understand rural life on the Arabian desert frontier during the succession of Roman, Byzantine, and Early Islamic hegemonies.
Project Websites:
Project Sponsors:
Australian Research Council
Calvin College
National Endowment for the Humanities
The American Schools of Oriental Research
American Schools of Oriental Research
Dates of Operation:
From: 1972     To: present
Project Languages:
Arabic
English
Metadata Sources:
project website
De Vries 1998

Geographical Data

Zone:
Eastern Mediterranean
Country:
Jordan
Province:
Location:
Ancient Regions:

Principal Investigators

Investigator Name:
David L. Kennedy
Address:
Classics and Ancient History, University of Western Australia, WA 6009, Australia
E-mail:
dkennedy@cyllene.uwa.edu.au
Phone / Fax:
phone:( (618) 6488 2150 )
Investigator Name:
Bert De Vries
Address:
Clavin College, Hiemenga Hall 492
E-mail:
dvrb@calvin.edu
Phone / Fax:
phone:( 616-526-6273 )

Project Map

Elevation Range:
Minimum: 604
Maximum: 843
Project Area:
430 km2
Map Data Source:
Kennedy 1998
Google™ Earth File:
Project Location:
Project Vertices:

Chronological Coverage

Period:
Byzantine
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Early Islamic
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Roman
Years:
From:     To:

Methodology

Approach:
Extensive
Intensive
Systematic
Non-Systematic
Site Survey
Siteless Survey
Diachronic
Temporally Bounded
Spatial Sampling (off-site):
Full Coverage
Random Sample
Stratified Random Sample
Deliberate Sample
Fieldwalker Spacing
 (average width = 0  m)
No Regular Fieldwalking
Artifact Collection:
Total
Sample
Diagnostic
Grab
Click
Pick
Counting
Weighing
Collection Unit:
Tract   (0 m x 0 m)
Modern Field
Site
Transect
Structure
Scatter/Artifact
Geolocation:
Basemap more detailed than 1:10K
GPS Uncorrected
Basemap 1:10K to 1:50K
GPS Differentially Corrected
Basemap less detailed than 1:50K
GIS
Other:

Special Studies

Artifacts:
Architecture
Ceramics
Lithics
Coins
Metal
Glass
Terracotta
epigraphy
Iconography
Environment:
Geology
Geomorphology
Soil Studies
Stone/Mineral Resources
Hydrology
Climatology
Paleobotany
Dendrochronology
Faunal Osteology
Agriculture
People:
Ritual Studies
Mortuary Studies
Population Data
Ethnography/Ethnology
Written Resources
Cultural Resource Management
Remote Sensing:
Satellite Imagery
Aerial Photography
Geoprospection
Other:
Primary Questions:
How effective is aerial photography in identifying and recording archaeological features? Where were the settlements located in the area around Umm el-Jimal? Why was the area not more central to human interest and densely settled in antiquity?
Excavation:
NO

Environmental Parameters

Geology:
 Igneous
 Metamorphic
 Sedimentary
Geology Other:
Topography:
 Alluvial Plain
 Coastal Plain
 Continental Plain
 Delta
 Desert
 Gorge
 Hills
 Island
 Isthmus
 Lakeshore
 Mountains
 Peninsula
 Plateau
 River Valley
 Steppe
 Underwater
 Upland Basin
 Urban
 Wadi/Oued
 Wetlands
Topography Other:
Climate:
 Climatic Altitudes of Mountains
 Dry-summer Mediterranean
 Dry-summer Steppe
 Highly Oceanic
 Humid and warm summer
 Humid Steppe
 Oceanic
 Permanently Humid
 Semi-desert and Desert
 Steppe
 Sub-Oceanic
 Tropical Semi-desert and Desert
Climate Other:

Bibliography

Entry 1:
De Vries, Bert (1998), "Umm el-Jimal: A Frontier Town and its Landscape in Northern Jordan Vol. 1, Fieldwork 1972-1981", Humphrey, J. H.; Foss, P., Journal of Roman Archaeology, Portsmouth, Rhode Island
NOTES: Supplementary Series No. 26
Entry 2:
Kennedy, David L. (1998), "The area of Umm el-Jimal: maps air photographs and surface survey", De Vries, Bert, Umm el-Jimal: A Frontier Town and its Landscape in Northern Jordan, JRA Supplementary Series 26, 1, Portsmouth, Rhode Island, Journal of Roman Archaeology, 39-90




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