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Detailed Project Description

General Information

ID (CGMA ID):
JO304
Project Name:
Wadi el Hasa Archaeological Survey (WHS)
Project Description:
The WHS was a systematic and intensive survey of the Wadi el Hasa, intended to identify archaeological sites from prehistoric times to the end of the Turkish domination of the area, to establish a chronological sequence for the occupations recorded in the area, to identify the settlement patterns of the area, to check and complete previous work in the area, and to complement work done in neighboring areas.
Project Websites:

Project Sponsors:
St. Francis Xavier University Council for Research
American Schools of Oriental Research
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of
Dates of Operation:
From: 1979     To: 1983
Project Languages:
English
Metadata Sources:
MacDonald 1988

Geographical Data

Zone:
Eastern Mediterranean
Country:
Jordan
Province:
Al Karak
Location:
West-Central Jordan
Ancient Regions:
Nabataea

Principal Investigators

Investigator Name:
Burton Macdonald
Address:
PO Box 500 St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5 Canada
E-mail:
bmacdona@stfx.ca
Phone / Fax:
phone:( 902 867 2155 )
fax:( 902 867 2448 )

Project Map

Elevation Range:
Minimum: Not Specified
Maximum: Not Specified
Project Area:
100 km2
Map Data Source:
MacDonald 1988; Google Earth
Google™ Earth File:
Project Location:
Project Vertices:

Chronological Coverage

Period:
Lower Paleolithic
Years:
From: BC 500000     To: BC 90000
Period:
Middle Paleolithic
Years:
From: BC 90000     To: BC 45000
Period:
Upper Paleolithic
Years:
From: BC 45000     To: BC 14000
Period:
Epipaleolithic
Years:
From: BC 14000     To: BC 8000
Period:
Prepottery Neolithic
Years:
From: BC 8000     To: BC 5000
Period:
Pottery Neolithic
Years:
From: BC 5000     To: BC 4250
Period:
Early Chalcolithic
Years:
From: BC 4250     To: BC 3750
Period:
Late Chalcolithic
Years:
From: BC 3750     To: BC 3300
Period:
Early Bronze I
Years:
From: BC 3300     To: BC 2900
Period:
Early Bronze II
Years:
From: BC 2900     To: BC 2700
Period:
Early Bronze III
Years:
From: BC 2700     To: BC 2300
Period:
Early Bronze IV
Years:
From: BC 2300     To: BC 1950
Period:
Middle Bronze
Years:
From: BC 1950     To: BC 1550
Period:
Late Bronze I
Years:
From: BC 1550     To: BC 1400
Period:
Late Bronze II
Years:
From: BC 1400     To: BC 1200
Period:
Iron IA
Years:
From: BC 1200     To: BC 1000
Period:
Iron IC
Years:
From: BC 1000     To: BC 918
Period:
Iron IIA
Years:
From: BC 918     To: BC 721
Period:
Iron IIB
Years:
From: BC 721     To: BC 605
Period:
Iron IIC
Years:
From: BC 605     To: BC 539
Period:
Persian
Years:
From: BC 539     To: BC 332
Period:
Early Hellenistic
Years:
From: BC 332     To: BC 198
Period:
Late Hellenistic
Years:
From: BC 198     To: BC 63
Period:
Early Roman
Years:
From: BC 63     To: 135
Period:
Late Roman
Years:
From: 135     To: 324
Period:
Early Byzantine
Years:
From: 324     To: 491
Period:
Late Byzantine
Years:
From: 491     To: 640
Period:
Umayyid
Years:
From: 661     To: 750
Period:
Abbasid
Years:
From: 750     To: 969
Period:
Fatimid
Years:
From: 969     To: 1171
Period:
Crusader
Years:
From: 1099     To: 1291
Period:
Ayyubid
Years:
From: 1174     To: 1263
Period:
Mamluk
Years:
From: 1250     To: 1516
Period:
Turkish/Ottoman
Years:
From: 1516     To: 1918

Methodology

Approach:
Extensive
Intensive
Systematic
Non-Systematic
Site Survey
Siteless Survey
Diachronic
Temporally Bounded
Spatial Sampling (off-site):
Full Coverage
Random Sample
Stratified Random Sample
Deliberate Sample
Fieldwalker Spacing
 (average width = 15  m)
No Regular Fieldwalking
Artifact Collection:
Total
Sample
Diagnostic
Grab
Click
Pick
Counting
Weighing
Collection Unit:
Tract   (0 m x 0 m)
Modern Field
Site
Transect
Structure
Scatter/Artifact
Geolocation:
Basemap more detailed than 1:10K
GPS Uncorrected
Basemap 1:10K to 1:50K
GPS Differentially Corrected
Basemap less detailed than 1:50K
GIS
Other:

Special Studies

Artifacts:
Architecture
Ceramics
Lithics
Coins
Metal
Glass
Terracotta
epigraphy
Iconography
Environment:
Geology
Geomorphology
Soil Studies
Stone/Mineral Resources
Hydrology
Climatology
Paleobotany
Dendrochronology
Faunal Osteology
Agriculture
People:
Ritual Studies
Mortuary Studies
Population Data
Ethnography/Ethnology
Written Resources
Cultural Resource Management
Remote Sensing:
Satellite Imagery
Aerial Photography
Geoprospection
Other:
Primary Questions:
What were the settlement patterns in the spatial distribution of sites? What was the chronological sequence of the occupation in the area?
Excavation:
NO

Environmental Parameters

Geology:
 Igneous
 Metamorphic
 Sedimentary
Geology Other:
Topography:
 Alluvial Plain
 Coastal Plain
 Continental Plain
 Delta
 Desert
 Gorge
 Hills
 Island
 Isthmus
 Lakeshore
 Mountains
 Peninsula
 Plateau
 River Valley
 Steppe
 Underwater
 Upland Basin
 Urban
 Wadi/Oued
 Wetlands
Topography Other:
Climate:
 Climatic Altitudes of Mountains
 Dry-summer Mediterranean
 Dry-summer Steppe
 Highly Oceanic
 Humid and warm summer
 Humid Steppe
 Oceanic
 Permanently Humid
 Semi-desert and Desert
 Steppe
 Sub-Oceanic
 Tropical Semi-desert and Desert
Climate Other:

Bibliography

Entry 1:
MacDonald, Burton (1988), The Wadi el Hasa Archaeological Survey, 1979-1983, West-Central Jordan, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Wilfrid Laurier University Pre
Entry 2:
MacDonald, B.; Banning, E.B.; Pavlish, L.A. (1980), "The Wadi el Hasa Survey, 1979: A Preliminary Report", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 24, 169-183
Entry 3:
MacDonald, B. (1980), "An Archaeological Survey of the South Bank of the Wadi el Hasa (Zared), Southern Jordan, 1979", Bulletin of the Canadian Society for Archaeology Abroad, 19, 19-23
Entry 4:
Rollefson, G.O.; MacDonald, B. (1981), "Settlement Patterns in Southern Jordan: Evidence from the Wadi el Hasa Survey", MERA FORUM, 5, 19-22
Entry 5:
MacDonald, B.; Rollefson, G.O.; Roller, D.W. (1981), "The Wadi el Hasa Survey 1981: A Preliminary Report", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 26, 117-131
Entry 6:
MacDonald, Burton (1982), "The Wadi el Hasa Survey and Previous Archaeological Work in Southern Jordan", Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, 245, 35-52
Entry 7:
MacDonald, Burton (1984), "The Wadi el-Hasa Archaeological Survey", Thompson, Henry O., The Answers Lie Below: Essays in Honor of Lawrence Edmund Toombs, Lanham, Maryland, University Press of America, 113-128
Entry 8:
MacDonald, Burton (1983), "The Wadi el Hasa Archaeological Survey 1982: A Preliminary Report", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 27, 311-323
Entry 9:
MacDonald, Burton (1983), "Wadi al-Hasa Survey (1979-1982)", Keller, Donald R.; Rupp, David W., Archaeological Survey in the Mediterranean Area, British Archaeological Reports International Series 155, 349-352




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