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Detailed Project Description

General Information

ID (CGMA ID):
JO263
Project Name:
Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey
Project Description:
"The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey (TBAS) is a three year project (1999-2000). It attempts to connect, both geographically and chronologically, with the work of the Wadi al-Hasa Archaeological Survey (WHS) (1979-83) and the Southern Ghors and Northeastern 'Arabah Archaeological Survey (SGNAS) (1985-86)." --website
Project Websites:
Project Sponsors:
Joukowsky Family Foundation
American Schools of Oriental Research
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Univ. Council for Research of St. Francis Xavier
Dates of Operation:
From: 1999     To: 2001
Project Languages:
English
Metadata Sources:
website
MacDonald et al. 2004
MacDonald 2007

Geographical Data

Zone:
Eastern Mediterranean
Country:
Jordan
Province:
Location:
west of Tafila and Busayra;east of Jurf ad-Darwish
Ancient Regions:
Nabataea
Arabia

Principal Investigators

Investigator Name:
Burton Macdonald
Address:
Director, Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey; P.O. Box 5000; St. Francis Xavier University; Antigonish, Nova Scotia B2G 2W5; CANADA
E-mail:
bmacdona@stfx.ca
Phone / Fax:
phone:( 902.867.2155 )
fax:( 902.867.2448 )

Project Map

Elevation Range:
Minimum: 900
Maximum: 1500
Project Area:
477.1 km2
Map Data Source:
http://people.stfx.ca/bmacdona/TBASWEB/area3.gif; GoogleEarth
Google™ Earth File:
Project Location:
Project Vertices:

Chronological Coverage

Period:
Lower Paleolithic Period
Years:
From: BC 500000     To: BC 90000
Period:
Middle Paleolithic Period
Years:
From: BC 90000     To: BC 45000
Period:
Upper Paleolithic Period
Years:
From: BC 45000     To: BC 18000
Period:
Epipaleolithic Period
Years:
From: BC 18000     To: BC 8500
Period:
Neolithic Period
Years:
From: BC 8500     To: BC 4500
Period:
Chalcolithic Period
Years:
From: BC 4500     To: BC 3300
Period:
Early Bronze Period
Years:
From: BC 3300     To: BC 1950
Period:
-Early Bronze II
Years:
From: BC 2900     To: BC 2700
Period:
Middle Bronze Period
Years:
From: BC 1950     To: BC 1550
Period:
Late Bronze Period
Years:
From: BC 1550     To: BC 1200
Period:
Iron I Period
Years:
From: BC 1200     To: BC 1000
Period:
Iron II Period
Years:
From: BC 1000     To: BC 539
Period:
Persian Period
Years:
From: BC 539     To: BC 332
Period:
Hellenistic Period
Years:
From: BC 332     To: BC 63
Period:
-Early Roman
Years:
From: BC 63     To: 135
Period:
Roman and Nabataean Periods
Years:
From: BC 63     To: 324
Period:
-Late Roman
Years:
From: 135     To: 324
Period:
Byzantine Period
Years:
From: 324     To: 640
Period:
Early Islamic Period
Years:
From: 630     To: 1000
Period:
Middle Islamic Period
Years:
From: 1000     To: 1400
Period:
Late Islamic
Years:
From: 1400     To: 1918

Methodology

Approach:
Extensive
Intensive
Systematic
Non-Systematic
Site Survey
Siteless Survey
Diachronic
Temporally Bounded
Spatial Sampling (off-site):
Full Coverage
Random Sample
Stratified Random Sample
Deliberate Sample
Fieldwalker Spacing
 (average width = 15  m)
No Regular Fieldwalking
Artifact Collection:
Total
Sample
Diagnostic
Grab
Click
Pick
Counting
Weighing
Collection Unit:
Tract   (1000 m x 1000 m)
Modern Field
Site
Transect
Structure
Scatter/Artifact
Geolocation:
Basemap more detailed than 1:10K
GPS Uncorrected
Basemap 1:10K to 1:50K
GPS Differentially Corrected
Basemap less detailed than 1:50K
GIS
Other:

Special Studies

Artifacts:
Architecture
Ceramics
Lithics
Coins
Metal
Glass
Terracotta
epigraphy
Iconography
Environment:
Geology
Geomorphology
Soil Studies
Stone/Mineral Resources
Hydrology
Climatology
Paleobotany
Dendrochronology
Faunal Osteology
Agriculture
People:
Ritual Studies
Mortuary Studies
Population Data
Ethnography/Ethnology
Written Resources
Cultural Resource Management
Remote Sensing:
Satellite Imagery
Aerial Photography
Geoprospection
Other:
Primary Questions:
Excavation:
NO

Environmental Parameters

Geology:
 Igneous
 Metamorphic
 Sedimentary
Geology Other:
Topography:
 Alluvial Plain
 Coastal Plain
 Continental Plain
 Delta
 Desert
 Gorge
 Hills
 Island
 Isthmus
 Lakeshore
 Mountains
 Peninsula
 Plateau
 River Valley
 Steppe
 Underwater
 Upland Basin
 Urban
 Wadi/Oued
 Wetlands
Topography Other:
Climate:
 Climatic Altitudes of Mountains
 Dry-summer Mediterranean
 Dry-summer Steppe
 Highly Oceanic
 Humid and warm summer
 Humid Steppe
 Oceanic
 Permanently Humid
 Semi-desert and Desert
 Steppe
 Sub-Oceanic
 Tropical Semi-desert and Desert
Climate Other:

Bibliography

Entry 1:
MacDonald, B. (1999), "Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey: Phase 1 (May 2-June 27, 1999)", American Center of Oriental Research Newsletter, 11, 4-5
NOTES: Issue 1
Entry 2:
MacDonald, B.; Bradshaw, A.; Herr, L.; Neeley, M.; Quaintance, S. (2000), "The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey: Phase 1 (1999)", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 44, 1-16
Entry 3:
MacDonald, B.; Quaintance, S. (2000), "The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey", American Journal of Archaeology, 104, 561-563
NOTES: Issue 3
Entry 4:
MacDonald, B. (2001), "The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey, West-Central Jordan: Phase 2 (2000)", American Journal of Archaeology, 105, 432-434
NOTES: Issue 3
Entry 5:
MacDonald, B.; Quaintance, S. (2000), "The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey: Phase 2", American Center of Oriental Research Newsletter, 12, 10-11
NOTES: Issue 1
Entry 6:
MacDonald, B.; Herr, L.; Neely, M.; Quaintance, S.; Bradshaw, A. (2001), "The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey: Phase 2 (2000)", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 45, 395-411
Entry 7:
MacDonald, B. (2002), "The Hinterland of Busayra", Bienkowski, Piotr; Bennet, C-M.; Balla, Marta, Busayra excavations by Crystal-M. Bennett, 1971-1980, Oxford, Council for British Research, 47-52
NOTES: full publisher: Council for British Research in the Levant
Entry 8:
MacDonald, B. (2002), "The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey", American Journal of Archaeology, 106, 440-442
NOTES: Issue 3
Entry 9:
MacDonald, B.; Sawtell, W. (2002), "The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey: Phase 3 (2001)", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 46, 477-484
Entry 10:
MacDonald, B.; Herr, L. G.; Neeley, M. P.; Gagos, T.; Moumani, K.; Rockman, M. (2004), The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Surevy 1999-2001, West-Central Jordan, Boston, MA, American Schools of Oriental R
NOTES: full publisher: American Schools of Oriental Research
Entry 11:
MacDonald, B.; Herr, L. G.; Neeley, M. P.; Gagos, T.; Moumani, K.; Rockman, M. (2004), The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Surevy 1999-2001, West-Central Jordan, Archaeological Reports, 9, Boston, MA, ASOR
NOTES: full publisher: American Schools of Oriental Research
Entry 12:
MacDonald, B. (2004), "The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey, West-Central Jordan: Phases 1, 2, and 3 (1999, 2000, and 2001 Seasons", al-Khraysheh, F., Studies in the History and Archaeology of Jordan VIII, Amman, Dept. fo Antiquities, 275-283
Entry 13:
MacDonald, Burton (2007), "Four Archaeological Surveys in Southern Jordan", Levy, Thomas E.; Daviau, P.M. Michele; Younker, Randall W.; Shaer, May, Crossing Jordan: North American Contributions to the Archaeology of Jordan, London, Equinox, 161-167




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