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Detailed Project Description

General Information

ID (CGMA ID):
GR337
Project Name:
Gournia Survey Project
Project Description:
The Gournia Survey Project was organized to document the natural environment and the history of settlement in the region of the Minoan site of Gournia in preparation for excavation of the site.
Project Websites:

Project Sponsors:
Institute for Aegean Prehistory
Dates of Operation:
From: 1992     To: 1994
Project Languages:

Metadata Sources:
Branigan 1999
Watrous and Blitzer 1995
Watrous and Blitzer 1999

Geographical Data

Zone:
Eastern Mediterranean
Country:
Greece
Province:
Crete
Location:
Bay of Mirabello
Ancient Regions:

Principal Investigators

Investigator Name:
Harriet Blitzer
Address:
Upton Hall 502, Buffalo State College, Buffalo, New York, 14222
E-mail:
blitzehj@buffalostate.edu
Phone / Fax:
phone:( 716 878 4236 )
Investigator Name:
Livingston Vance Watrous
Address:
605 Clemens Hall, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, 14260
E-mail:
watrous@buffalo.edu
Phone / Fax:
phone:( 716 645 2435 x1084 )

Project Map

Elevation Range:
Minimum: 0
Maximum: 1476
Project Area:
0 km2
Map Data Source:
Watrous and Blitzer 1999
Google™ Earth File:
Project Location:
Project Vertices:

Chronological Coverage

Methodology

Approach:
Extensive
Intensive
Systematic
Non-Systematic
Site Survey
Siteless Survey
Diachronic
Temporally Bounded
Spatial Sampling (off-site):
Full Coverage
Random Sample
Stratified Random Sample
Deliberate Sample
Fieldwalker Spacing
 (average width = 510  m)
No Regular Fieldwalking
Artifact Collection:
Total
Sample
Diagnostic
Grab
Click
Pick
Counting
Weighing
Collection Unit:
Tract   (0 m x 0 m)
Modern Field
Site
Transect
Structure
Scatter/Artifact
Geolocation:
Basemap more detailed than 1:10K
GPS Uncorrected
Basemap 1:10K to 1:50K
GPS Differentially Corrected
Basemap less detailed than 1:50K
GIS
Other:
interviews with locals; rewalking of fields

Special Studies

Artifacts:
Architecture
Ceramics
Lithics
Coins
Metal
Glass
Terracotta
epigraphy
Iconography
Environment:
Geology
Geomorphology
Soil Studies
Stone/Mineral Resources
Hydrology
Climatology
Paleobotany
Dendrochronology
Faunal Osteology
Agriculture
People:
Ritual Studies
Mortuary Studies
Population Data
Ethnography/Ethnology
Written Resources
Cultural Resource Management
Remote Sensing:
Satellite Imagery
Aerial Photography
Geoprospection
Other:
Primary Questions:
How did the people of Gournia exploit their environment in order to subsist? What was the population of Gournia and of the settlements around it? What sort of economic relations did Gournia have with the settlements in its region? What was Gournia's role in the political organization in the region?
Excavation:
NO

Environmental Parameters

Geology:
 Igneous
 Metamorphic
 Sedimentary
Geology Other:
Topography:
 Alluvial Plain
 Coastal Plain
 Continental Plain
 Delta
 Desert
 Gorge
 Hills
 Island
 Isthmus
 Lakeshore
 Mountains
 Peninsula
 Plateau
 River Valley
 Steppe
 Underwater
 Upland Basin
 Urban
 Wadi/Oued
 Wetlands
Topography Other:
Climate:
 Climatic Altitudes of Mountains
 Dry-summer Mediterranean
 Dry-summer Steppe
 Highly Oceanic
 Humid and warm summer
 Humid Steppe
 Oceanic
 Permanently Humid
 Semi-desert and Desert
 Steppe
 Sub-Oceanic
 Tropical Semi-desert and Desert
Climate Other:

Bibliography

Entry 1:
Watrous, L. Vance; Blitzer, Harriet (1995), "The Gournia Survey Project: A Preliminary Report on the 1992-1994 Field Seasons", American Journal of Archaeology, 99, 313
Entry 2:
Watrous, L. Vance; Blitzer, Harriet (1999), "The Region of Gournia in the Neopalatial Period", Betancourt, Philip B.; Karageorghis, Vassos; Laffineur, Robert; Niemeier, Wolf-Dietrich, Meletemata: Studies in Aegean Archaeology Presented to Malcolm H. Wiener as he enters his 65th year, Aegaeum 20: Annales d'archeologie egeenne de l'Universite de Liege, Belgium, Universite de Liege, 905-909
Entry 3:
Branigan, Keith (1999), "An Experiment in Field Survey in Eastern Crete", Betancourt, Philip B.; Karageorghis, Vassos; Laffineur, Robert; Niemeier, Wolf-Dietrich, Meletemata: Studies in Aegean Archaeology Presented to Malcolm H. Wiener as he enters his 65th year, Aegaeum 20: Annales d'archeologie egeenne de l'Universite de Liege, Belgium, Universite de Liege, 63-67




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