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Detailed Project Description

General Information

ID (CGMA ID):
GR323
Project Name:
Archaeological Survey of Pseira Island
Project Description:
The archaeological survey of Pseira Island was planned to provide data to help place the settlement on the island within its environmental and historical context, and as a systematic investigation of the landscape of the island itself.
Project Websites:

Project Sponsors:
National Endowment for the Humanities
Insititute for Aegean Prehistory
Archaeological Society of Crete
Archaeological Insititute of Crete
Temple University
Dates of Operation:
From: 1984     To: 1991
Project Languages:
English
Metadata Sources:
Betancourt et al. 2005
Betancourt et al. 2004

Geographical Data

Zone:
Eastern Mediterranean
Country:
Greece
Province:
Crete
Location:
Pseira Island
Ancient Regions:

Principal Investigators

Investigator Name:
Richard Hope Simpson
Address:
Queen's University, Ontario, Canada
E-mail:
Phone / Fax:
Investigator Name:
Philip P. Betancourt
Address:
Temple University, PA
E-mail:
ppbcourt1@aol.com
Phone / Fax:
phone:( 215 204 1605 )

Project Map

Elevation Range:
Minimum: 0
Maximum: 200
Project Area:
1.75 km2
Map Data Source:
Betancourt et al. 2004 and 2005
Google™ Earth File:
Project Location:
Project Vertices:

Chronological Coverage

Period:
Early Minoan III
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Early Minoan I
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Early Minoan II
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Early Minoan IIA
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Early Minoan IIB
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Final Neolithic Period
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Roman
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Hellenistic
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Classical
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Iron Age
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Late Minoan IIIB
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Late Minoan III
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Late Minoan II
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Late Minoan IB
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Late Minoan I
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Middle Minoan IIB
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Middle Minoan II
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Middle Minoan I
Years:
From:     To:
Period:
Byzantine
Years:
From:     To:

Methodology

Approach:
Extensive
Intensive
Systematic
Non-Systematic
Site Survey
Siteless Survey
Diachronic
Temporally Bounded
Spatial Sampling (off-site):
Full Coverage
Random Sample
Stratified Random Sample
Deliberate Sample
Fieldwalker Spacing
 (average width = 510  m)
No Regular Fieldwalking
Artifact Collection:
Total
Sample
Diagnostic
Grab
Click
Pick
Counting
Weighing
Collection Unit:
Tract   ( m x m)
Modern Field
Site
Transect
Structure
Scatter/Artifact
Geolocation:
Basemap more detailed than 1:10K
GPS Uncorrected
Basemap 1:10K to 1:50K
GPS Differentially Corrected
Basemap less detailed than 1:50K
GIS
Other:

Special Studies

Artifacts:
Architecture
Ceramics
Lithics
Coins
Metal
Glass
Terracotta
epigraphy
Iconography
Environment:
Geology
Geomorphology
Soil Studies
Stone/Mineral Resources
Hydrology
Climatology
Paleobotany
Dendrochronology
Faunal Osteology
Agriculture
People:
Ritual Studies
Mortuary Studies
Population Data
Ethnography/Ethnology
Written Resources
Cultural Resource Management
Remote Sensing:
Satellite Imagery
Aerial Photography
Geoprospection
Other:
Primary Questions:
What was the nature of the hinterland, if one existed, of the Minoan town? Was the island a source of raw materials for stone vase making? Were there differences in the type of land use in the Minoan and later periods? Was the island completely deserted after the Bronze Age?
Excavation:
YES

Environmental Parameters

Geology:
 Igneous
 Metamorphic
 Sedimentary
Geology Other:
Topography:
 Alluvial Plain
 Coastal Plain
 Continental Plain
 Delta
 Desert
 Gorge
 Hills
 Island
 Isthmus
 Lakeshore
 Mountains
 Peninsula
 Plateau
 River Valley
 Steppe
 Underwater
 Upland Basin
 Urban
 Wadi/Oued
 Wetlands
Topography Other:
Climate:
 Climatic Altitudes of Mountains
 Dry-summer Mediterranean
 Dry-summer Steppe
 Highly Oceanic
 Humid and warm summer
 Humid Steppe
 Oceanic
 Permanently Humid
 Semi-desert and Desert
 Steppe
 Sub-Oceanic
 Tropical Semi-desert and Desert
Climate Other:

Bibliography

Entry 1:
Betancourt, Philip; Davaras, Costis (1990), Betancourt, Philip; Davaras, Costis, Amaltheia, 82-85, 20-37
NOTES: in Greek
Entry 2:
Betancourt, Philip P.; Davaras, Costis; Hope Simpson, Richard; Clark, Julie Ann; Day, Peter M.; Farrand, William R.; Howard, Teresa; Rackham, Oliver; Stearns, Carola H. (2004), Betancourt, Philip P.; Davaras, Costis; Hope Simpson, Richard, Pseira VIII: The Archaeological Survey of Pseira Island Part 1, Prehistory Monographs 11, Philadelphia, INSTAP Academic Press
Entry 3:
Betancourt, Philip P.; Davaras, Costis; Hope Simpson, Richard; Clark, Julie Ann; Dierckx, Heidi M.C.; German, Senta; Goldberg, Paul; Harrison, George W.M.; Poulou-Papadimitrou, Natalia; Reese, David S. (2005), Betancourt, Philip P.; Davaras, Costis; Hope Simpson, Richard, Pseira IX: The Archaeological Survey of Pseira Island Part 2, Prehistory Monographs 12, Philadelphia, INSTAP Academic Press




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